Use your subject

Electronic and Electrical Engineering

Think about what 'using your subject' means to you and what you're really looking for. Do you want to apply your subject-specific knowledge or skills to the real world? Or maybe you want to continue to practice and develop these skills? Maybe it's a broader interest in your subject that you want to keep alive by working in a relevant type of organisation?

As a start, use the resources below to create your own list of career ideas to research.

Remember that the vast majority of graduate jobs are open to graduates of any subject.

  • Look at what alumni from your department have done using the DLHE data we collect and through the University of Sheffield alumni page on LinkedIn.
  • Search for and contact alumni in your subject through our Graduate case studies database.
  • Browse the career ideas for Electronic and Electrical Engineering graduates on Prospects and Targetjobs but keep in mind that these are not a comprehensive list of all the careers related to your subject.
  • Search the Engineering Council for more information and careers resources related to your subject.
  • Brainstorm ideas and do some initial investigation to find out about research, organisations, start-ups, government bodies and freelancers connected to your subject.

Some career options

Our information resources - Occupations section is a good place to start to explore the following occupational areas. However you are not restricted to these and you should also consider any other additional factors which are important to you for your future career using our Understand yourself and your options section.

Aerospace engineer

Within the aerospace/aeronautical sector you may be working on the mechanical aspects of aircraft, missiles, weapon systems or satellites.

You will be researching, designing, developing or maintaining the performance of these systems and working to improve flight safety, fuel efficiency, speed and weight, as well as reducing system costs and using advancing technologies to meet customer needs.

You will work in a multidisciplinary team over safety critical procedures.

Use our Occupations section Aerospace and aviation for more information and links to useful websites.

Automotive engineer

Automotive engineers design, develop and manufacture vehicles and their engineering systems.

Engineers may specialise in particular areas of development such as emissions, powertrain, engines, aerodynamics, chassis or prototyping and with the development of hybrid/electric or autonomous vehicles, there are an increasing range of development opportunities in this area.

You don’t have to be a ‘petrol head’, but a career in automotive engineering would suit you if you have a technical mind, commercial awareness and an interest in the sector.

Use our Occupations section Automotive for more information and links to useful websites.

Building services engineer

All buildings need services such as lighting, heating, ventilation and a power supply. Building services engineers design, install and maintain these services considering factors such as safety, energy efficiency, sustainability and reduced carbon emissions.

There is very much a multidisciplinary focus to the work as you could potentially be working with civil, structural and mechanical engineers and then liaising with contractors and trades professionals who will be installing and commissioning your recommendations.

Use our Occupations section Engineering and Construction for more information and links to useful websites.

Business analyst

This role may suit you if you enjoy evaluating and analysing data, creating solutions and communicating with a variety of people. As a business analyst, you'll work with an organisation to understand their products, services and the industry sector they operate within.

You'll identify their future needs and challenges and help them to plan for the future and manage change in line with their company goals often in relation to information and software systems.

Use our Occupations sections Business, administration and public sector and Data science for more information and links to useful websites.

Consultant engineer

A consultant engineer will research and prepare a solution to a technical project assigned by a client. You may specialise in a specific industry sector eg rail, aerospace, health/medical (Bioengineers) and work with a variety of different clients within that sector.

In this role you will need to manage projects, work to project plan timescales, enjoy developing specialist knowledge and liaising with clients, often visiting or working on site at the client’s work place.

Use our Occupations section Engineering for more information and links to useful websites.

Control systems engineer

Control and instrumentation engineers design, develop, install, manage and maintain equipment which monitors control systems, machinery and processes. They ensure systems and processes run efficiently and safely.

Use our Occupations section Engineer for more information and links to useful websites.

Design engineer

Using your technical knowledge, mathematical and design skills you will create innovative solutions to technical problems working from initial concept, through to design, prototype, testing and development.

Projects may focus around software, components, machinery and vehicles to name a few. In this role you will need strong technical knowledge, CAD design skills as well as problem solving, communication, leadership and project management skills.

Use our Occupations section Engineering for more information and links to useful websites.

Electrical engineer

Electrical engineers design, develop and maintain electrical control systems and components to required specifications. They work in a range of sectors including the building services industry, transportation, communications and power/energy sector. The work can involve managing projects from concept to completion including design, testing, and commissioning.

Use our Occupations section Electronic and electrical for more information and links to useful websites.

Electronic engineer

Electronics engineers design, develop and test components, devices, systems or equipment that use electricity as part of their source of power. These components include capacitors, diodes, resistors and transistors.

Use our Occupations section Electronic and electrical for more information and links to useful websites.


Away from technical roles, you can apply your numeracy, business awareness and analytical skills to a more commercial role in finance. This could vary from investment management and banking to financial management or accounting roles.

Use our Occupations section Finance for more information and links to useful websites.

Power systems engineer

This specialist aspect of engineering is concerned with the generation, transmission, distribution and utilisation of electric power networks and apparatus.

Areas of work may involve power stations, renewable energy plants eg on and off shore wind power and systems used in aircraft or for electric railway networks. You may enjoy this kind of work if you are interested in large scale infrastructure projects addressing today’s energy challenges.

Use our Occupations section Energy and renewables for more information and links to useful websites.


If you want to apply your understanding of engineering processes, equipment and components within a more commercial role, then procurement may be an option to consider. This can involve purchasing and supply of components or services from second and third tier suppliers, negotiating contracts and quality guidelines.

This role requires communication, negotiation and persuasion skills, numeracy and the ability to build and maintain strong client/customer relationships.

Use our Occupations section Purchasing and supply for more information and links to useful websites.

Software engineer / developer or programmer

In a software development/programming type IT sector job role you apply your technical knowledge of specific programming languages to design, test and reproduce or maintain coding/software and systems, often in line with a project or a client specification and working with a development team.

You'll need project management skills and must enjoy working to deadlines, have a meticulous attention to detail and take a creative methodical approach to your work.

Use our Occupations section IT systems and services for more information and links to useful websites.

Supply chain management

Similar to procurement but this requires an understanding of engineering components and processes involving planning, design, supply, monitoring and logistics of getting components and services of the right quality to the right place at the right time within budget.

This requires exceptional time management, planning, problem solving and commercial awareness.

Use our Occupations section Purchasing and supply for more information and links to useful websites.